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Harmful use of alcohol is a leading driver of disease burden in the US and globally, increasing the risk of cancer, liver cirrhosis, cardiovascular disease, neurological and psychiatric disorders, infertility, and fetal damage. It is also implicated in motor vehicle accidents, and accidents and injuries at home and work.
Although low levels of alcohol use can provide great pleasure, harmful alcohol use is a significant risk to the health and productivity of US adults.
It is estimated that 18 million people struggle with alcoholism in the US, yet only 11 percent of people with alcohol dependence receive the recommended care. In the US, 9 percent of workers are heavy users of alcohol and 2 percent of employees attend work under the influence of alcohol at least once in a one-year period. In addition, 2 percent of employees use alcohol at least once before reporting to work and 7 percent use alcohol at least once during the work day (with nearly 40 percent of these individuals doing so monthly or more).
The Vitality Institute’s aim is to identify, evaluate, and promote evidence-based strategies to address harmful use of alcohol. This includes strategies that prevent individuals who currently have low levels of alcohol use from increasing their use, and assisting those who consume alcohol at harmful levels to reduce it.
Derek Yach | Nov 26, 2016
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Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine (JOEM) | September 2014
JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association) | July 17, 2014
Improving Support for Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention: Summary of Key Messages from Reports of the Institute of MedicineLeigh Carroll and Bridget B. Kelly, Editors This paper was commissioned by the Vitality Institute, an organization with a mission to advance knowledge about the evolving science and art of chronic disease prevention and... More »
Institute of Medicine (IOM) | June 18, 2014
The Effects of Obesity, Smoking, and Excessive Alcohol Intake on Healthcare Expenditure in a Comprehensive Medical SchemeBackground. Health risks such as tobacco use, excessive alcohol consumption and unhealthy body weight contribute to the development of chronic health problems. Objective. To estimate the associations of tobacco use, excessive alcohol consumption and obesity... More »
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